KPMG’s carbon advisory group has published a comprehensive list of
environmental reporting and legislative requirements for larger companies, which
can be used as a reference manual for finance directors managing a growing
palette of green issues.
Accounting for Carbon, the fifth white paper from the group, outlines
reporting and accounting responsibilities on business, explains the various
government green schemes that affect business such as the Kyoto Protocol and UK
Carbon Reduction Commitment, and provides guidelines setting out ways to
implement a carbon strategy across a business.
It also clarifies the groups that are affected, including:
• Emitters under the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme;
• Emitters under the Carbon Reduction Commitment;
• Creators companies investing in or developing emissions-reducing projects
under the Clean Development Mechanism;
• Traders, brokers, or aggregators dealing in emissions reduction certificates,
allowances or derivatives; and
• Investors and consultants assisting companies in reducing emissions or
claiming Certified Emissions Reductions.
The white paper also provides information on which accounting standards apply
to a company when reporting environmental issues. For example, companies using
emissions trading schemes will need to consider the impact on their accounts of
International Accounting Standards such as IAS 38 and IAS 39.
Richard Sharman, head of KPMG’s carbon advisory group, says, “It is essential
for companies to understand the risks and opportunities and to know how to
manage those risks.”
John Griffith-Jones, chairman and senior partner at KPMG, adds “Accounting
for carbon emissions will take many companies into entirely new territory for
which no specific accounting standard currently exists.”
The paper also sets out forthcoming changes to environmental legislation that
will affect the carbon reporting and management responsibilities for large