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Man’s gotta do: Man Group’s FD, Kevin Hayes

Photography: Anton Hammerl

In replacing the man who replaced the man who replaced hedge fund titan
Stanley Fink, Kevin Hayes is the clear CEO-in-waiting at Man Group (no pun
intended).

“The CEO role is certainly something I’m interested in,” Hayes says. “You
always want to have an FD who has those aspirations. Succession planning in
organisations is more important nowadays and we’ve seen examples in many large
FTSE companies where that planning is not completely apparent.”

Hayes knows being coy on the matter of his aspirations would be a waste of
time.

His ascension to that role at the world’s largest listed hedge fund manager
would simply be the continuation of a habit of Man FDs becoming CEO there. Fink
was FD before becoming CEO; the current chief executive, Peter Clarke, had been
FD before a stint as deputy chief executive and his appointment as Fink’s
successor in spring 2007, the same time Hayes was brought in from Lehman
Brothers to replace him. Should he want to carve out a long-term career at Man,
Hayes can take heart from the trajectory of Harvey McGrath, Prudential’s new
chairman, who, in his 27-year career at Man Group, served as its finance
director, chief executive and chairman.

Spookier still is the parallel between the formative career trajectories of
Fink and Hayes. Both took the road less travelled, training in law and moving
into accountancy practice (Hayes is a barrister and a solicitor of the High
Court in his native New Zealand; Fink studied law at Cambridge before qualifying
as a chartered accountant with Arthur Andersen), then into business and later to
their respective FD roles at Man. Both have three children and, cutting
heavy-set, imposing figures, dressed in navy pinstripes ­ Hayes with added
braces ­ they even look alike.

Canny resemblance
Here, one can’t help but conclude, is one finance director positively ripe for a
headline role, though for the moment Hayes sees the way he and Peter Clarke work
together as invigorating. “Strategy is very interesting, but execution is really
important to getting momentum and a very important component of what I do is
that execution; it tends to be more internal,” he reveals.

“Peter and I have a symbiotic relationship. We’ve both been out this week on
investor relations ­ I’ve been covering clients in the US and he’s been covering
clients in the UK, which works well. Peter has a very long-standing relationship
with many of the shareholders so sometimes it’s good for them to see a different
face and hear a different perspective.

“But I wouldn’t say there’s anything in Peter’s world that, at the moment, I
need to do to feel fulfilled. There’s an awful lot in my own world and current
responsibilities that mean I still feel challenged.”

This is a man whose taste for a challenge has seen a business administration
graduate from Wellington, New Zealand, make partner at Ernst & Young’s New
York operations inside six years (aged 34) and CFO for Europe and Asia at Lehman
Brothers nine years later. His departure from Lehmans came just 18 months shy of
its implosion, his only inkling that something was wrong a sense that things
were changing, of decisions being made that he did not like.

“I was sitting there watching Bloomberg that weekend [it has declared
insolvent], seeing the commentary coming across, then finally on Monday when it
filed for Chapter 11… that was devastating,” he recalls. “When you know the
number of people that worked at Lehmans who had their entire personal fortunes
tied up in the stock ­ and it suddenly, overnight became worthless ­ that’s
horrible. I’ve thought about whether I could have predicted that. There’s
nothing I could tangibly say that I identified… or if, perhaps, people could
have necessarily identified the solution ­” he trails off.

His career at Lehmans ended with a two-year stint in a role created for him
that carried a fancy title, but a chunky mandate: to make the business bigger,
to extend the business’s roots outside its core US, European and Asian markets.
It took him out of finance, making use of his cost-culling experience in various
parts of the world but sating his thirst for a meaty challenge, hiring from
rival firms, running teams on three continents, establishing the culture of the
expanding businesses and spending time in India to establish Lehmans’ offices
there.

“India is the most incredible place you could ever go to ­ – the smartest
people, the most enthusiastic, everyone wants to learn,” he recalls. (The
European and Asian fixed-income businesses Hayes helped to build were bought by
Nomura last September.)

“There was a certain amount of frustration in the organisation about getting
scale out of the infrastructure. I’d never done productivity and process
improvement and it is quite a science ­ there is a skillset that’s required. I
spent the first two months talking to a lot of people about how to do it, hired
some very capable people with consulting backgrounds ­ a lot of Six Sigma people
from JP Morgan, people who really knew how to do this, with a totally different
skillset from mine ­ project management people who write lists. Things that I
don’t do,” he laughs.

“Culturally we hit a bit of a barrier because, ‘I’m here to re-engineer you’
is not necessarily a welcome statement. So there was a bit of negotiation and
that was the thing that weighed on me the most, getting frustrated in really
getting traction. But one of the greatest things we did was Lehmans India ­
something I had never dreamed, thought about, even considered, and there it was.
I was front and centre in that initiative,” he says.

“I had the discipline to extract costs and we saved a good deal of money
through outsourcing and productivity processing. But the idea was really to
infect the culture with a new way of thinking about processes. I had a lot of
fun,” he says.

“But then it got to a point where you’ve set up some processes, you have very
capable people and that will be self-sustaining. Then it’s time to move on
again.”

Hungry for more
At this stage one might have expected a man with Hayes’s CV to break into the
top ranks. But perhaps he was a touch too hungry. Despite being a barrister, a
former partner with a Big Four firm, a veritable old-hand at Lehmans as a
divisional financial controller in New York, international CFO out of London and
a proven grower of the business, Hayes wonders if the bank’s top brass were ever
willing to accept him into their ranks. His thoughts are surprising and probably
ring true for many FDs pondering their next move.

“At the end of my time there I had gone to Lehmans saying, ‘My career has
reached a plateau; what are the opportunities?’. In some large organisations you
tend to find ‘inner’ and ‘outer’ circle situations and I think, by that stage,
I was more on the outer circle than the inner. So when I said, ‘What’s my next
challenge’, they said, ‘Well, we’ve picked the team’,” he reveals. “It’s
probably more the fact that I drifted to the outer sides, rather than being in
the inner circle that led to Lehmans saying that. And it’s important for
organisations to pick key people they feel comfortable with.”

And he admits he found himself at an impasse. “I had been thinking about
things in ten-year cycles, though not deliberately: I don’t think I’d ever in
those 12 years talked to a headhunter, other than to recruit somebody. But if
you put your head above the parapet you find there’s lots of good things out
there.”

And along came Man Group, his first plc FD job. Hayes got to enjoy the tail
end of bull market prosperity and growth in his first year there, before the
crunch and Madoff turned the screws. In his first set of financial results, 2007
saw the group report pre-tax profit up 60% to $1.5bn on funds under management
(FUM) of $61.7bn at its March 31 year-end. By the following year-end pre-tax
profit had almost doubled and FUM rose to $74.6bn.

But by March 2009 the global economic landscape was unrecognisable with the
implosion of Lehmans and the shocks that followed: investor panic sent
redemptions through the roof and Man lost most of its 2007-08 gains, reporting
pre-tax profit slashed by half and FUM at $46.8bn (losing another $3.5bn in the
following three months), well below 2007’s levels.

Crunch time
In December 2008, the group admitted a $360m exposure to the Madoff scandal
through investments made by its money-spinning fund-of-funds business, RMF, in
“Madoff-related” funds. Despite a careful campaign of investor relations to
explain where the failure in due diligence was, a number of Man’s clients simply
cashed out. Three months after, Man Group cut its workforce by 15% ­ a
relatively modest cull of almost 300 jobs compared to the scale of redundancies
the business world is used to these days ­ cutting out $60m in cost across the
business over the next year.

As head of group risk (as well as group head of tax, treasury and technology)
it happened on Hayes’s watch. But it is the one topic of discussion where he
reverts to toeing the party line. Man swiftly re-jigged itself to integrate its
platforms, “re-diligenced” and stressed its strong capital base, as you would
expect. “Everybody is a risk manager in a crisis,” he says. Some of the
investors that decided to remain with Man undertook their own due diligence on
Man’s checks and balances, reflecting how badly trust in the group was shaken.

But his answers don’t go far enough to shake the feeling that, before the
event, so long as it received its redemptions on time, the group had no need to
ask questions.
“The role of the regulator [the Securities & Exchange Commission] to govern
was somewhat leaned on in the past and many people relied on the regulatory role
around the Madoff structure,” Hayes believes. “People are now less willing to
assume the regulator is going to provide a degree of assurance.” With the
European Commission and the SEC looking into stepping up hedge fund regulation
this ethos may not last.

As head of IT in a business for which trading technology is mission-critical,
Hayes used his experience from the Lehmans process and productivity gig to grow
Man’s infrastructure without adding cost. “Our two core assets are people and
technology. In a business like ours that has the ability to grow dramatically,
getting scale out of infrastructure without adding costs is a key thing, not
just adding head-count but leveraging automation,” he explains.

“In investment management, what you want to try and do is focus on what we
add value to, what is core to our investors, as opposed to taking on board a lot
of processing ­ so the IT expense, having a good portfolio of technology and
investing in that technology is very important and having a finance director
overseeing that is good.”

Hayes has his fingers in a lot of pies. He is also the highest-paid FD in the
FTSE-100 (including salary and bonuses) according to Financial
Director’s
November 2008 salary survey ­ while his chief executive Peter
Clarke enjoyed the same status in our 2007 survey, though on about £3m more, all
told ­ reflecting the impressive growth Man Group has enjoyed since Fink turned
it into a hedge fund tour de force from a modest, 200-year old sugar brokerage
whose activities pre-date the birth of commodity futures.

Whether he becomes chief executive at Man when the time is right, or moves
on, as many of the FTSE-100’s top FDs have done amid the credit crunch, it’s
unlikely he will settle for the familiar. “At university I realised that a big
part of accountancy was law, so I decided I’d do a law degree too, which started
halfway through my accounting degree,” he recalls.

“But there was another reason which is that, at that point, not many people
did law and accounting together. To me, it was a fundamental decision, something
about me being different. In New Zealand students go overseas because you have
to get that experience. They go to England or Canada: they have a lot of the
same social systems. So I chose New York.”

Perhaps London is going to wear a little thin.

Curriculum Vitae – Kevin Hayes
Qualification – CPA, NZICA, AICPA

Career
2007-present
Finance director, Man Group

2005-2007

Managing director – productivity and process improvement, expense and sourcing
services, Lehman Brothers

2002-2005
International CFO, Lehman Brothers

1999-2002

Managing director, global capital markets controller, Lehman Brothers

1995-1999
Global fixed income controller, Lehman Brothers

1994
Partner, financial services, banks and securities dealers, Ernst & Young, NY

1989-1995
Chartered accountant, Ernst & Young

1986-1989
Trainee, Ernst & Young

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